VMware vCloud “In A Box” for Your Home Lab

Introduction:

This outlines the configuration I personally used for installing setting up a lab based “vCloud in a box” for testing and understanding of all the vCloud components. This setup can be done almost 100% virtually with a single physical server hosting all the components.  Parts of the configuration are unsupported by VMware for production as well as on certain platforms, however almost all of it works for training and testing purposes with limited hardware.  Although this can be done on other platforms the storage and servers used here were IOMEGA and DELL.  The Switch was Netgear GS742TR routing switche although many others at least support VLAN tagging just not routing functions.  I assume the reader has knowledge and expertise already with setting up switches, VLANs, routing, as well as vSphere.  If you do not require full routing functions portions of this can be changed as needed.  The components and configurations listed here are what I used to build my implementation, but you can use some of the information to adapt to your needs.  I will have to assume knowledge exists to create the VLAN’s, setup routing as well as other network items.  If that needs to be detailed I can always update this post later.

Server Hardware Used:

  • Dell T310 or similar
  • 1 Socket Quad Core Processor (More are optional)
  • At least 20GB of RAM
  • Four internal Hard Drives RAID1 Pairs for many of the Management VM’s
  • DRAC
  • Two Gigabit NIC connections

Networking Hardware Used:

  • GS724TR Gigabit Routing Switch
  • Cisco RV042 Internet Gateway
  • VLAN routing configured between only a few VLAN’s listed below

Storage Hardware Used:

  • EMC ix-400d 4TB storage (Supports NFS and iSCSI and is VMware Certified)
  • Local VMFS on the Physical Host
  • Network based storage (NFS)
  • iSCSI VMFS Volumes

Software Used:

  • Windows 2008 x64
  • CentOS (Unsupported for vCD)
  • VMware vSphere vCenter
  • VMware vSphere ESXi 4.1
  • VMware vCloud Director 1.0 (includes VMware vShield Edge)
  • VMware vShield Manager 4.1 (Virtual Appliance)
  • VMware vCenter Chargeback 1.5
  • VMware vCenter Management Appliance 4.1 (Virtual Appliance and Optional to Manage ESXi from command line
  • Check out the Service Accounts post as well

Port Group VLAN’s Used:

  • 100 – Primary “Production” Network
  • 110 – Servers
  • 120 – ESX Direct NAS Access
  • 130 – ESX VMotion
  • 140 – ESX FT
  • 150 – Guest Internet Only
  • 160 – View Desktops
  • 170 – Load Balanced Network
  • 180 – vCloud Internal Routable Network (Used inside vCloud)
  • 4095 – Custom VMware VLAN for passthrough of all VLAN’s

Visio Diagram (Newly Added):

vCloud In A Box Logical Visio Diagram

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